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Diabetes is a prevalent chronic condition that places high demands on the individual's immune system. Diabetes is classified into three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is caused by the auto-immune loss of the pancreas' insulin-producing beta cells. Auto-antibody testing and the C-peptide test can distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes. Diabetes type 1 accounts for 10% of all diabetic patients. Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is a metabolic condition characterised by insulin resistance and a lack of insulin.

·Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

·Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes complications range from life-threatening disorders such as acute hyperglycaemia to debilitating complications that damage the organ systems of the body. Estimating the prevalence of diabetic complications is challenging due to the lack of worldwide agreements on regular diabetes diagnosis. Diabetes complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy, and cardiovascular systems will be defined as major complications.

GDM (Gestational Diabetes Mellitus) is a developing global health issue that can damage both the mother and the child in the short and long term. Regardless matter how critical it is, many nations continue to lack the epidemiological data necessary to respond to diabetes-related disorders. Diabetes and obesity are prevalent in many countries due to a lack of knowledge regarding GDM. Diabetes affects one out of every three women of reproductive age and one out of every seven children, according to data. This session will cover a variety of topics concerning Gestational Diabetes.

Many individuals throughout the world are still unaware of what genetic diabetes is. This allows people to enter pre-diabetic phases without ever realising it, which causes a plethora of problems. Because of hereditary factors that are activated, certain people are predisposed to Diabetic diseases. We are predisposed to diabetes from birth and something in our environment triggers it. This, however, is not always the case. Other occurrences may cause the Diabetic conditions to be thresholded. This genetic Diabetes presentation will go through the precautions and treatments that must be taken to avoid inherited Diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus, sometimes known as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder characterised by high blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone that transports sugar from circulation into your cells, where it is stored or utilised for energy. If you have diabetes, your body either does not produce enough insulin or cannot efficiently utilise the insulin that it does produce. Diabetes symptoms are exacerbated by an increase in blood sugar. The vast majority of persons who arrive with typical diabetes symptoms receive a clear diagnosis. Diabetes management aims to enhance the quality of life and productivity of diabetics.

AI is described as "a branch of computer science that tries to develop systems or methods for analysing information and managing complexity in a wide range of applications". AI is a practical and appealing choice for effective data management and the creation of diabetes care tools and devices. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a fast-expanding discipline, and its applications to diabetes, a worldwide pandemic, have the potential to alter the way diabetes is diagnosed and controlled. Machine learning methods have been used to develop algorithms to enable predictive models for the risk of diabetes and its complications.

Physiology is the study of the processes and mechanisms that occur within an organism. Disease physiology is usually complicated, requiring interactions across several organs and tissue types. The pathophysiology of diabetes is connected to insulin levels in the body as well as the body’s capacity to use insulin. Type 1 diabetes has no insulin, but type 2 diabetes has peripheral tissues that resist insulin's actions. Diabetes has a complicated aetiology involving several hormones (i.e., insulin, glucagon, and growth). The pathological processes of this illness are difficult to pin down and vary widely between patients due to the interplay of these hormones with the liver and their role in renal function.

The inability of the body to manufacture insulin is the primary cause of diabetes. Insulin is divided into different groups based on how long it takes to take effect. Insulin is injected into diabetics who cannot control their condition with oral medications. The emphasis is mostly on diabetes medicine and cutting-edge technology.

Diabetes is a cardiovascular and metabolic disorder marked by inflammation. It increases almost every cardiovascular risk factor, and the vast majority of diabetics die from heart disease. Recent clinical research discoveries, together with patient education, offer new avenues for improving cardiovascular outcomes in diabetes patients. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have a complex aetiology. Understanding these complicated disease pathways can help clinicians recognise and treat CVD in diabetes patients, as well as help patients avoid potentially deadly effects.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy refers to cardiovascular disorders that occur in diabetic people and are not caused by another recognised CVD, such as hypertension or coronary artery disease. Diabetes patients are predisposed to heart failure even early in the course of their disease due to morphological and functional abnormalities in diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Obesity is often caused by an underlying condition characterised by excessive body fat build up. It has a major negative impact on health, especially by raising the risk of other chronic illnesses such as heart disease and diabetes. Obesity is defined as a BMI of more than 30 kg/m2. Obesity is one of the most prevalent disorders in developed nations, and its prevalence is rising.

Obesity increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, also known as insulin-resistant diabetes or adult-onset diabetes. This is when your blood glucose level remains elevated over a lengthy period of time. According to a study, obese people are up to 80 times more likely than non-obese people to acquire type 2 diabetes.

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